HST hot-Jupiter transmission spectral survey: Haze in the atmosphere of WASP-6b

N. Nikolov, D. K. Sing, Adam S. Burrows, J. J. Fortney, G. W. Henry, F. Pont, G. E. Ballester, S. Aigrain, P. A. Wilson, C. M. Huitson, N. P. Gibson, J. M. Désert, A. Lecavelier des Etangs, A. P. Showman, A. Vidal-Madjar, H. R. Wakeford, K. Zahnle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report Hubble Space Telescope optical to near-infrared transmission spectroscopy of the hot-Jupiter WASP-6b, measured with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph and Spitzer's InfraRed Array Camera. The resulting spectrum covers the range 0.29-4.5 μm. We find evidence for modest stellar activity of WASP-6 and take it into account in the transmission spectrum. The overall main characteristic of the spectrum is an increasing radius as a function of decreasing wavelength corresponding to a change of Δ (Rp/R*) = 0.0071 from 0.33 to 4.5 μm. The spectrum suggests an effective extinction cross-section with a power law of index consistent with Rayleigh scattering, with temperatures of 973 ± 144K at the planetary terminator. We compare the transmission spectrum with hot-Jupiter atmospheric models including condensate-free and aerosol-dominated models incorporating Mie theory. While none of the clear-atmosphere models is found to be in good agreement with the data, we find that the complete spectrum can be described by models that include significant opacity from aerosols including Fe-poor Mg2 SiO4, MgSiO3, KCl and Na2S dust condensates.WASP- 6b is the second planet after HD 189733b which has equilibrium temperatures near ~1200K and shows prominent atmospheric scattering in the optical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-478
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume447
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • 6b
  • Methods: observational
  • Planets and satellites: atmospheres
  • Planets and satellites: individual: WASP
  • Stars: activity
  • Techniques: spectroscopic

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    Nikolov, N., Sing, D. K., Burrows, A. S., Fortney, J. J., Henry, G. W., Pont, F., Ballester, G. E., Aigrain, S., Wilson, P. A., Huitson, C. M., Gibson, N. P., Désert, J. M., Lecavelier des Etangs, A., Showman, A. P., Vidal-Madjar, A., Wakeford, H. R., & Zahnle, K. (2015). HST hot-Jupiter transmission spectral survey: Haze in the atmosphere of WASP-6b. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 447(1), 463-478. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu2433