We obtain the spin-orbit interaction and spin-charge coupled transport equations of a two-dimensional heavy hole gas under the influence of strain and anisotropy. We show that a simple two-band Hamiltonian can be used to describe the holes. In addition to the well-known cubic hole spin-orbit interaction, anisotropy causes a Dresselhaus-like term, and strain causes a Rashba term. We discover that strain can cause a shifting symmetry of the Fermi surfaces for spin up and down holes. We predict an enhanced spin lifetime associated with a spin helix standing wave similar to the Persistent Spin Helix which exists in the two-dimensional electron gas with equal Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions. These results may be useful both for spin-based experimental determination of the Luttinger parameters of the valence-band Hamiltonian and for creating long-lived spin excitations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Apr 29 2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics