Objective. To examine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 3′ region of the IL1RN gene in a large Caucasoid case-control series and in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) families from Western Canada by use of high-throughput MassArray matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry SNP typing. Methods. An association analysis was performed in a case-control cohort of 394 AS cases and 500 controls. Family-based association analysis was performed in 58 simplex and 13 multiplex families. Three SNPs located in the 3′ region of the IL1RN gene (T/C at position 27810 in exon 4, T/C at position 30735 in exon 6, and G/C at position 31017 in exon 6) were examined by high-throughput MassArray MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Haplotype inference software programs were used to infer the most likely haplotypes and to compare haplotype frequencies, which were then further analyzed in family-based association studies by transmission disequilibrium tests. Results. The frequency of allele C at SNP position 30735 in exon 6 was significantly increased in AS cases (35.1%) versus controls (27.8%), as was the phenotype frequency (61.7% versus 48.6%). A significantly increased frequency of SNP allele G at position 31017 in exon 6 in cases (32.9%) versus controls (28.3%) was also noted. A highly significant difference in the overall distribution of haplotype frequencies was evident between cases and controls, with significant increases in the frequencies of the 27810C/30735C/31017C and 27810C/30735T/31017G haplotypes, but a significant reduction in the estimated frequency of the 27810C/30735T/31017C haplotype, in the AS cases. Estimation of haplotype frequencies based on 2 SNP markers indicated a highly significant increase in the 30735C/31017C haplotype and a highly significant decrease in the 30735T/31017C haplotype in cases compared with controls. Preliminary evidence for reduced transmission of the 27810C/30735T/31017C 3-marker haplotype was also found in family-based association analyses. Conclusion. Our data establish a highly significant disease association with markers in the IL1RN gene. In the absence of nonsynonymous coding sequence substitutions, it is possible that the primary disease-associated locus regulates gene expression. Association with specific haplotypes raises the possibility that the primary disease locus is in linkage disequilibrium with a specific combination (s) of markers in the IL1RN gene.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pharmacology (medical)