High power neutral beam heating experiments on TFTR with balanced and unbalanced momemtum input

M. Bitter, V. Arunasalam, M. G. Bell, S. Bosch, N. L. Bretz, R. Budny, C. E. Bush, D. L. Dimock, H. F. Dylla, P. C. Efthimion, R. J. Fonck, E. Fredrickson, H. P. Furth, G. Gammel, Robert James Goldston, B. Grek, L. R. Grisham, G. Hammett, K. Hattori, R. J. HawrylukH. W. Hendel, K. W. Hill, E. Hinnov, T. Hirayama, R. B. Howell, R. A. Hulse, H. Hsuan, K. P. Jaehnig, D. Jassby, F. C. Jobes, D. W. Johnson, L. C. Johnson, R. Kaita, R. Kamperschroer, S. J. Kilpatrick, R. J. Knize, H. Kugel, P. H. Lamarche, B. Leblanc, R. Little, D. M. Manos, D. K. Mansfield, S. McDermott, K. McGuire, D. H. McNeill, D. M. Meade, S. S. Medley, D. R. Mikkelsen, W. Morris, D. Mueller, E. B. Nieschmidt, T. Nishitani, D. K. Owens, H. Park, A. T. Ramsey, M. H. Redi, J. Rice, A. L. Roquemore, P. H. Rutherford, T. Saito, G. Schilling, J. Schivell, G. L. Schmidt, S. D. Scott, J. C. Sinnis, F. J. Stauffer, J. D. Strachan, C. Stratton, G. D. Tait, Y. Takase, G. Taylor, J. R. Timberlake, H. H. Towner, M. Ulrickson, S. Von Goeler, R. Wieland, M. Williams, K. L. Wong, S. Yoshikawa, K. M. Young, M. C. Zarnstorff, S. J. Zweben

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New long-pulse ion sources have been employed to extend the neutral beam pulse on TFTR from 0.5 sec to 2.0 sec. This made it possible to study the long-term evolution of supershots at constant current and to perform experiments in which the plasma current was ramped up during the heating pulse. Experiments were conducted with co and counter injection as well as with nearly balanced injection of deuterium beams up to a total power of 20 MW. The best results, i.e., central ion temperatures Tio > 25 keV and neo τE Tio values of 3 × 1020 keV sec m-3, were obtained with nearly balanced injection. The central toroidal plasma rotation velocity scales in a linear-offset fashion with beam power and density. The scaling of the inferred global momentum confinement time with plasma parameters is inconsistent with the predictions of the neoclassical theory of gyroviscous damping. An interesting plasma regime with properties similar to the H-mode has been observed for limiter plasmas with edge q a just above 3 and 2.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number305
Pages (from-to)1235-1245
Number of pages11
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number10 A
StatePublished - 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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