TY - GEN

T1 - High-Girth matrices and polarization

AU - Abbe, Emmanuel

AU - Wigderson, Yuval

N1 - Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by NSF grant CIF-1706648 and the Princeton PACM Director's Fellowship.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.

PY - 2015/9/28

Y1 - 2015/9/28

N2 - The girth of a matrix is the least number of linearly dependent columns, in contrast to the rank which is the largest number of linearly independent columns. This paper considers the construction of high-girth matrices, whose probabilistic girth is close to their rank. Random matrices can be used to show the existence of high-girth matrices. This paper uses a recursive construction based on conditional ranks (inspired by polar codes) to obtain a deterministic and efficient construction of high-girth matrices for arbitrary relative ranks. Interestingly, the construction is agnostic to the underlying field and applies to both finite and continuous fields with the same binary matrix. The construction gives in particular the following: (i) over the binary field, high-girth matrices are equivalent to capacity-achieving codes, and our construction turns out to match exactly the BEC polar codes (even at finite block length). It hence gives a different interpretation of BEC polar codes, using the parity-check matrix instead of the generator matrix, and basic linear algebra instead of the mutual information, and generalizes to larger fields; (ii) for the BSC, our construction gives an operational meaning to the Bhattacharyya upper-bound process used in polar codes; (iii) for the reals, it gives an explicit candidate matrix for sparse recovery.

AB - The girth of a matrix is the least number of linearly dependent columns, in contrast to the rank which is the largest number of linearly independent columns. This paper considers the construction of high-girth matrices, whose probabilistic girth is close to their rank. Random matrices can be used to show the existence of high-girth matrices. This paper uses a recursive construction based on conditional ranks (inspired by polar codes) to obtain a deterministic and efficient construction of high-girth matrices for arbitrary relative ranks. Interestingly, the construction is agnostic to the underlying field and applies to both finite and continuous fields with the same binary matrix. The construction gives in particular the following: (i) over the binary field, high-girth matrices are equivalent to capacity-achieving codes, and our construction turns out to match exactly the BEC polar codes (even at finite block length). It hence gives a different interpretation of BEC polar codes, using the parity-check matrix instead of the generator matrix, and basic linear algebra instead of the mutual information, and generalizes to larger fields; (ii) for the BSC, our construction gives an operational meaning to the Bhattacharyya upper-bound process used in polar codes; (iii) for the reals, it gives an explicit candidate matrix for sparse recovery.

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U2 - 10.1109/ISIT.2015.7282898

DO - 10.1109/ISIT.2015.7282898

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84969780103

T3 - IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings

SP - 2461

EP - 2465

BT - Proceedings - 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2015

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

T2 - IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2015

Y2 - 14 June 2015 through 19 June 2015

ER -