High-Density Superconducting Cables for Advanced ACTPol

C. G. Pappas, J. Austermann, J. A. Beall, S. M. Duff, P. A. Gallardo, E. Grace, S. W. Henderson, S. P. Ho, B. J. Koopman, D. Li, J. McMahon, F. Nati, M. D. Niemack, P. Niraula, M. Salatino, A. Schillaci, B. L. Schmitt, S. M. Simon, S. T. Staggs, J. R. StevensE. M. Vavagiakis, J. T. Ward, E. J. Wollack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Advanced ACTPol (AdvACT) is an upcoming Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) receiver upgrade, scheduled to deploy in 2016, that will allow measurement of the cosmic microwave background polarization and temperature to the highest precision yet with ACT. The AdvACT increase in sensitivity is partly provided by an increase in the number of transition-edge sensors (TESes) per array by up to a factor of two over the current ACTPol receiver detector arrays. The high-density AdvACT TES arrays require 70 μ m pitch superconducting flexible cables (flex) to connect the detector wafer to the first-stage readout electronics. Here, we present the flex fabrication process and test results. For the flex wiring layer, we use a 400-nm-thick sputtered aluminum film. In the center of the cable, the wiring is supported by a polyimide substrate, which smoothly transitions to a bare (uncoated with polyimide) silicon substrate at the ends of the cable for a robust wedge wire-bonding interface. Tests on the first batch of flex made for the first AdvACT array show that the flex will meet the requirements for AdvACT, with a superconducting critical current above 1 mA at 500 mK, resilience to mechanical and cryogenic stress, and a room temperature yield of 97%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-479
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


  • ACTPol
  • Atacama Cosmology Telescope
  • Detector
  • Flex
  • Superconductor
  • Wire bonding


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