High critical current density and enhanced irreversibility field in superconducting MgB2 thin films

C. B. Eom, M. K. Lee, J. H. Choi, L. J. Belenky, X. Song, L. D. Cooley, M. T. Naus, S. Patnaik, J. Jiang, M. Rikel, A. Polyanskii, A. Gurevich, X. Y. Cai, S. D. Bu, S. E. Babcock, E. E. Hellstrom, D. C. Larbalestier, N. Rogado, K. A. Regan, M. A. HaywardT. He, J. S. Slusky, K. Inumaru, M. K. Haas, R. J. Cava

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Abstract

The discovery of superconductivity at 39 K in magnesium diboride offers the possibility of a new class of low-cost, high-performance superconducting materials for magnets and electronic applications. This compound has twice the transition temperature of Nb3Sn and four times that of Nb-Ti alloy, and the vital prerequisite of strongly linked current flow has already been demonstrated. One possible drawback, however, is that the magnetic field at which superconductivity is destroyed is modest. Furthermore, the field which limits the range of practical applications - the irreversibility field H*(T) - is approximately 7T at liquid helium temperature (4.2 K), significantly lower than about 10 T for Nb-Ti (ref. 6) and ∼20 T for Nb3Sn (ref. 7). Here we show that MgB2 thin films that are alloyed with oxygen can exhibit a much steeper temperature dependence of H*(T) than is observed in bulk materials, yielding an H* value at 4.2K greater than 14T. In addition, very high critical current densities at 4.2 K are achieved: 1 MA cm-2 at 1 T and 105 A cm-2 at 10T. These results demonstrate that MgB2 has potential for high-field superconducting applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)558-560
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume411
Issue number6837
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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    Eom, C. B., Lee, M. K., Choi, J. H., Belenky, L. J., Song, X., Cooley, L. D., Naus, M. T., Patnaik, S., Jiang, J., Rikel, M., Polyanskii, A., Gurevich, A., Cai, X. Y., Bu, S. D., Babcock, S. E., Hellstrom, E. E., Larbalestier, D. C., Rogado, N., Regan, K. A., ... Cava, R. J. (2001). High critical current density and enhanced irreversibility field in superconducting MgB2 thin films. Nature, 411(6837), 558-560. https://doi.org/10.1038/35079018