High confinement plasmas in the Madison Symmetric Torus reversed-field pinch

B. E. Chapman, A. F. Almagri, J. K. Anderson, T. M. Biewer, P. K. Chattopadhyay, C. S. Chiang, D. Craig, D. J. Den Hartog, G. Fiksel, C. B. Forest, A. K. Hansen, D. Holly, N. E. Lanier, R. O'Connell, S. C. Prager, J. C. Reardon, J. S. Sarff, M. D. Wyman, D. L. Brower, W. X. DingY. Jiang, S. D. Terry, P. Franz, L. Marrelli, P. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reduction of core-resonant m=1 magnetic fluctuations and improved confinement in the Madison Symmetric Torus [Dexter et al., Fusion Technol. 19, 131 (1991)] reversed-field pinch have been routinely achieved through control of the surface poloidal electric field, but it is now known that the achieved confinement has been limited in part by edge-resonant m=0 magnetic fluctuations. Now, through refined poloidal electric field control, plus control of the toroidal electric field, it is possible to reduce simultaneously the m=0 and m=1 fluctuations. This has allowed confinement of high-energy runaway electrons, possibly indicative of flux-surface restoration in the usually stochastic plasma core. The electron temperature profile steepens in the outer region of the plasma, and the central electron temperature increases substantially, reaching nearly 1.3 keV at high toroidal plasma current (500 kA). At low current (200 kA), the total beta reaches 15% with an estimated energy confinement time of 10 ms, a tenfold increase over the standard value which for the first time substantially exceeds the constant-beta confinement scaling that has characterized most reversed-field-pinch plasmas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2061-2068
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Chapman, B. E., Almagri, A. F., Anderson, J. K., Biewer, T. M., Chattopadhyay, P. K., Chiang, C. S., Craig, D., Den Hartog, D. J., Fiksel, G., Forest, C. B., Hansen, A. K., Holly, D., Lanier, N. E., O'Connell, R., Prager, S. C., Reardon, J. C., Sarff, J. S., Wyman, M. D., Brower, D. L., ... Martin, P. (2002). High confinement plasmas in the Madison Symmetric Torus reversed-field pinch. Physics of Plasmas, 9(5), 2061-2068. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1456930