High-altitude pulmonary edema afflicts 1% to 2% of sojourners above 10,000 to 11,000 ft. It is at the severe end of a spectrum of high-altitude illnesses; symptoms can be subtle or overt and can rapidly progress to coma and death. The best prevention is acclimatization - slow, gradual ascent that allows the body to adapt to a hypoxic environment. The author reviews the signs and symptoms and how to recognize them, the pathophysiology, and the prevention and management of this avoidable, but potentially fatal, condition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation