Hierarchical structure-ferroelectricity relationships of barium titanate particles

Tu Lee, Ilhan A. Aksay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


The aim of this paper is to dissect the hierarchical structures of BaTiO3 particles into primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structural levels and to thoroughly review the corresponding structure-ferroelectricity relationships at all levels. This analytical framework is of growing importance for the fundamental understanding of the ferroelectric properties of BaTiO3 in microelectronic devices, especially as their structural levels are all approaching the same scale in the process of miniaturization. The identification of the most influential structure among others and the deduction of a meaningful structure-ferroelectricity relationship depend on a thorough understanding of the relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-419
Number of pages19
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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