We clarify the meaning of Bell's theorem and its implications for the construction of hidden variable theories by considering an example system consisting of two entangled spin-1/2 particles. Using this example, we present a simplified version of Bell's theorem and describe several hidden variable theories that agree with the predictions of quantum mechanics. These example theories clarify some subtle points, which are often misunderstood, regarding what it is that Bell's theorem actually establishes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)