Heterogeneity and the dynamics of host-parasitoid interactions

M. P. Hassell, S. W. Pacala

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75 Scopus citations

Abstract

The dynamical effects of any pattern of distribution of searching parasitoids in such systems can be assessed within a common, simple framework. The authors describe an approximate general rule that the populations of hosts and parasitoids will be regulated if the coefficient of variation squared (CV2) of the distribution of searching parasitoids is >1. CV2 may be partitioned into a density-dependent component (direct or inverse) caused by the response of parasitoids to host density per patch, and a density independent component. Population regulation can be enhanced as much by density independent as by density-dependent heterogeneity. Thus the dynamical effects of any pattern of distribution of searching parasitoids can be assessed within the same common framework. The greater the density independence, and thus the more scattered the data of percent parasitism against local host density, the more stable the populations are likely to be. Some 65 data sets from field studies have been analysed, in which percentage parasitism in relation to local host density have been recorded. Values of CV2 were obtained by using a maximum likelihood procedure. In 18 cases, total heterogeneity was at levels sufficient to stabilize the interacting populations; in 14 of these it is the host-density-independent heterogeneity that contributes most to the total heterogeneity. There is a discussion by G.A. Tingley. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-220
Number of pages18
JournalPhilosophical Transactions - Royal Society of London, B
Volume330
Issue number1257
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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