A kinetic and spectroscopic characterization of the ferryl intermediate (APO-II) from APO, the heme-thiolate peroxygenase from Agrocybe aegerita, is described. APO-II was generated by reaction of the ferric enzyme with metachloroperoxybenzoic acid in the presence of nitroxyl radicals and detected with the use of rapid-mixing stopped-flow UV-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy. The nitroxyl radicals served as selective reductants of APO-I, reacting only slowly with APO-II. APO-II displayed a split Soret UV-vis spectrum (370 nm and 428 nm) characteristic of thiolate ligation. Rapid-mixing, pH-jump spectrophotometry revealed a basic pKa of 10.0 for the FeIV-O-H of APO-II, indicating that APO-II is protonated under typical turnover conditions. Kinetic characterization showed that APO-II is unusually reactive toward a panel of benzylic C-H and phenolic substrates, with second-order rate constants for C-H and O-H bond scission in the range of 10-107 M-1·s-1. Our results demonstrate the important role of the axial cysteine ligand in increasing the proton affinity of the ferryl oxygen of APO intermediates, thus providing additional driving force for C-H and O-H bond scission.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Mar 24 2015
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Compound II