HATS-70b: A 13 MJ Brown Dwarf Transiting an A Star

G. Zhou, G. Bakos, D. Bayliss, J. Bento, W. Bhatti, R. Brahm, Z. Csubry, N. Espinoza, J. D. Hartman, T. Henning, A. Jordán, L. Mancini, K. Penev, M. Rabus, P. Sarkis, V. Suc, M. De Val-Borro, J. E. Rodriguez, D. Osip, L. Kedziora-ChudczerJ. Bailey, C. G. Tinney, S. Durkan, J. Lázár, I. Papp, P. Sári

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report the discovery of HATS-70b, a transiting brown dwarf at the deuterium burning limit. HATS-70b has a mass of Mp = 12.9+1.8-1.6 MJup and a radius of Rp 1.384+ 0.074 0.079 MJup, residing in a close-in orbit with a period of 1.89 days. The host star is a M= M 1.78 0.12 M A star rotating at = v sin I 40.61+ km s- 0.35 0.32 1, enabling us to characterize the spectroscopic transit of the brown dwarf via Doppler tomography. We find that HATS-70b, like other massive planets and brown dwarfs previously sampled, orbits in a low projected-obliquity orbit with l = 8.9+4.5 5.6. The low obliquities of these systems is surprising given all brown dwarf and massive planets with obliquities measured orbit stars hotter than the Kraft break. This trend is tentatively inconsistent with dynamically chaotic migration for systems with massive companions, though the stronger tidal influence of these companions makes it difficult to draw conclusions on the primordial obliquity distribution of this population. We also introduce a modeling scheme for planets around rapidly rotating stars, accounting for the influence of gravity darkening on the derived stellar and planetary parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number31
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume157
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • stars: individual (HATS-70)
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: spectroscopic

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    Zhou, G., Bakos, G., Bayliss, D., Bento, J., Bhatti, W., Brahm, R., Csubry, Z., Espinoza, N., Hartman, J. D., Henning, T., Jordán, A., Mancini, L., Penev, K., Rabus, M., Sarkis, P., Suc, V., Val-Borro, M. D., Rodriguez, J. E., Osip, D., ... Sári, P. (2019). HATS-70b: A 13 MJ Brown Dwarf Transiting an A Star. Astronomical Journal, 157(1), [31]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/aaf1bb