Hate Crimes and Gender Imbalances: Fears over Mate Competition and Violence against Refugees

Rafaela Dancygier, Naoki Egami, Amaney Jamal, Ramona Rischke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


As the number of refugees rises across the world, anti-refugee violence has become a pressing concern. What explains the incidence and support of such hate crime? We argue that fears among native men that refugees pose a threat in the competition for female partners are a critical but understudied factor driving hate crime. Employing a comprehensive data set on the incidence of hate crime across Germany, we first demonstrate that hate crime rises where men face disadvantages in local mating markets. Next, we complement this ecological evidence with original survey measures and confirm that individual-level support for hate crime increases when men fear that the inflow of refugees makes it more difficult to find female partners. Mate competition concerns remain a robust predictor even when controlling for anti-refugee views, perceived job competition, general frustration, and aggressiveness. We conclude that a more complete understanding of hate crime and immigrant conflict must incorporate marriage markets and mate competition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-515
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Political Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations


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