HAT-P-3b: A heavy-element-rich planet transiting A K dwarf star

G. Torres, G. A. Bakos, G. Kovács, D. W. Latham, J. M. Fernández, R. W. Noyes, G. A. Esquerdo, A. Sozzetti, D. A. Fischer, R. P. Butler, G. W. Marcy, R. P. Stefanik, D. D. Sasselov, J. Lázár, I. Papp, P. Sári

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Abstract

We report the discovery of a Jupiter-size planet transiting a relatively bright (V = 11.56) and metal-rich early K dwarf star with a period of ∼2.9 days. On the basis of follow-up photometry and spectroscopy we determine the mass and radius of the planet, HAT-P-3b, to be Mp =0.599 ± 0.026 MJup and Rp = 0.890 ± 0.046 RJup. The relatively small size of the object for its mass implies the presence of about 75 M worth of heavy elements (∼1/3 of the total mass) based on current theories of irradiated extrasolar giant planets, similar to the mass of the core inferred for the transiting planet HD 149026b. The bulk density of HAT-P-3b is found to be ρρ = 1.06 ± 0.17 g cm-3, and the planet orbits the star at a distance of 0.03894 AU. Ephemerides for the transit centers are Tc = 2,454,218.7594 ± 0.0029 +N × (2.899703 ± 0.000054) (HJD).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L121-L124
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume666
Issue number2 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Binaries: spectroscopic
  • Planetary systems
  • Stars: fundamental parameters
  • Stars: individual (HAT-P-3)
  • Techniques: spectroscopic

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    Torres, G., Bakos, G. A., Kovács, G., Latham, D. W., Fernández, J. M., Noyes, R. W., Esquerdo, G. A., Sozzetti, A., Fischer, D. A., Butler, R. P., Marcy, G. W., Stefanik, R. P., Sasselov, D. D., Lázár, J., Papp, I., & Sári, P. (2007). HAT-P-3b: A heavy-element-rich planet transiting A K dwarf star. Astrophysical Journal, 666(2 PART 2), L121-L124. https://doi.org/10.1086/521792