Half-Heusler ternary compounds as new multifunctional experimental platforms for topological quantum phenomena

Hsin Lin, L. Andrew Wray, Yuqi Xia, Suyang Xu, Shuang Jia, Robert J. Cava, Arun Bansil, M. Zahid Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

439 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent discovery of spin-polarized single-Dirac-cone1-6 insulators7-12, whose variants can host magnetism and superconductivity14, has generated widespread research activity in condensed-matter and materials-physics communities. Some of the most interesting topological phenomena, however, require topological insulators to be placed in multiply connected, highly constrained geometries with magnets and superconductors15-21, all of which thus require a large number of functional variants with materials design flexibility as well as electronic, magnetic and superconducting tunability. Given the optimum materials, topological properties open up new vistas in spintronics, quantum computing and fundamental physics. We have extended the search for topological insulators from the binary Bi-based2-6 series to the ternary thermoelectric Heusler compounds22-25. Here we show that, although a large majority of the well-known Heuslers such as TiNiSn and LuNiBi are rather topologically trivial, the distorted LnPtSb-type (such as LnPtBi or LnPdBi, Ln=fn lanthanides) compounds belonging to the half-Heusler subclass harbour Z 2=-'1 topological insulator parent states, where Z2 is the band purity product index. Our results suggest that half-Heuslers provide a new platform for deriving a host of topologically exotic compounds and their nanoscale or thin-film device versions through the inherent flexibility of their lattice parameter, spin-orbit strength and magnetic moment tunability paving the way for the realization of multifunctional topological devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-549
Number of pages4
JournalNature Materials
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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