H2-M3-restricted T cells respond more rapidly to primary Listeria monocytogenes infection than conventional MHC class Ia-restricted T cells. Reinfection with L. monocytogenes, while inducing explosive proliferation of H2-Kd-restricted T cells, does not stimulate significant expansion of H2-M3-restricted CTL. These disparate responses to reinfection are apparent within 5 days of primary L. monocytogenes infection. However, H2-M3-restricted memory T cells are generated, and are indistinguishable from classically restricted T cells in terms of cell surface memory markers and longevity. Early responses of H2-M3- and H2-Kd-restricted memory T cells to reinfection are similar, with increases in size and expression of activation markers. Interestingly, priming of H2-M3-restricted T cells with an L. monocytogenes -derived N-formyl peptide plus anti-CD40 generates memory T cells that expand upon re-exposure to Ag during L. monocytogenes infection. Our data indicate that disparate H2-M3- and MHC class Ia-restricted memory T cell responses reflect intrinsic differences between these T cell populations. Although distinct proliferative programs appear to be hardwired in these populations during primary L. monocytogenes infection, under different inflammatory circumstances M3-restricted T cell populations can maintain the ability to expand upon re-exposure to Ag.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy