The ground state of a mobile vacancy in a square-lattice spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet described by the t-J Hamiltonian is investigated numerically for an 18-site cluster. The ground state has spin 1/2, and the bottom of the vacancy band is at momentum k=(/2,/2), for t/J<4, which is consistent with the spin-wave perturbation theory. The structure of the spin configuration in the vicinity of the vacancy is examined using a number of correlation functions. The latter reveal the existence of a dipolar distortion of the staggered magnetization, as suggested by the semiclassical theory.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics