Gravitational waves from axisymmetric, rotating stellar core collapse

Christian D. Ott, Adam S. Burrows, Eli Livne, Rolf Walder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

143 Scopus citations


We have carried out an extensive set of two-dimensional, axisymmetric, purely hydrodynamic calculations of rotational stellar core collapse with a realistic, finite-temperature nuclear equation of state and realistic massive star progenitor models. For each of the total number of 72 different simulations we performed, the gravitational wave signature was extracted via the quadrupole formula in the slow-motion, weak-field approximation. We investigate the consequences of variation in the initial ratio of rotational kinetic energy to gravitational potential energy and in the initial degree of differential rotation. Furthermore, we include in our model suite progenitors from recent evolutionary calculations that take into account the effects of rotation and magnetic torques. For each model, we calculate gravitational radiation waveforms, characteristic wave strain spectra, energy spectra, final rotational profiles, and total radiated energy. In addition, we compare our model signals with the anticipated sensitivities of the first- and second-generation LIGO detectors coming on line. We find that most of our models are detectable by LIGO from anywhere in the Milky Way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-864
Number of pages31
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Jan 10 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Gravitational waves
  • Stars: rotation
  • Supernovae: general


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