Going viral: Flash crowds in an open CDN

Patrick Wendell, Michael J. Freedman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

56 Scopus citations


Handling flash crowds poses a difficult task for web services. Content distribution networks (CDNs), hierarchical web caches, and peer-to-peer networks have all been proposed as mechanisms for mitigating the effects of these sudden spikes in traffic to under-provisioned origin sites. Other than a few anecdotal examples of isolated events to a single server, however, no large-scale analysis of flash-crowd behavior has been published to date. In this paper, we characterize and quantify the behavior of thousands of flash crowds on CoralCDN, an open content distribution network running at several hundred POPs. Our analysis considers over four years of CDN traffic, comprising more than 33 billion HTTP requests. We draw conclusions in several areas, including (i) the potential benefits of cooperative vs. independent caching by CDN nodes, (ii) the efficacy of elastic redirection and resource provisioning, and (iii) the ecosystem of portals, aggregators, and social networks that drive traffic to third-party websites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIMC'11 - Proceedings of the 2011 ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Conference
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2011
Event2011 ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Conference, IMC'11 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Nov 2 2011Nov 4 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Conference, IMC


Other2011 ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Conference, IMC'11

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • content distribution networks
  • flash crowds


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