Global importance of Indigenous Peoples, their lands, and knowledge systems for saving the world's primates from extinction

Alejandro Estrada, Paul A. Garber, Sidney Gouveia, Alvaro Fernandez-Llamazares, Fernando Ascensao, Agustin Fuentes, Stephen T. Garnett, Christopher Shaffer, Julio Bicca-Marques, Julia E. Fa, Kimberley Hockings, Sam Shanee, Steig Johnson, Glenn H. Shepard, Noga Shanee, Christopher D. Golden, Anaid Cardenas-Navarrete, Dallas R. Levey, Ramesh Boonratana, Ricardo DobrovolskiAbhishek Chaudhary, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Jatna Supriatna, Inza Kone, Sylviane Volampeno

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    50 Scopus citations


    Primates, represented by 521 species, are distributed across 91 countries primarily in the Neotropic, Afrotropic, and Indo-Malayan realms. Primates inhabit a wide range of habitats and play critical roles in sustaining healthy ecosystems that benefit human and nonhuman communities. Approximately 68% of primate species are threatened with extinction because of global pressures to convert their habitats for agricultural production and the extraction of natural resources. Here, we review the scientific literature and conduct a spatial analysis to assess the significance of Indigenous Peoples' lands in safeguarding primate biodiversity. We found that Indigenous Peoples' lands account for 30% of the primate range, and 71% of primate species inhabit these lands. As their range on these lands increases, primate species are less likely to be classified as threatened or have declining populations. Safeguarding Indigenous Peoples' lands, languages, and cultures represents our greatest chance to prevent the extinction of the world's primates.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numbereabn2927
    JournalScience Advances
    Issue number32
    StatePublished - Aug 2022

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General


    Dive into the research topics of 'Global importance of Indigenous Peoples, their lands, and knowledge systems for saving the world's primates from extinction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this