Global estimate of submarine groundwater discharge based on an observationally constrained radium isotope model

Eun Young Kwon, Guebuem Kim, Francois Primeau, Willard S. Moore, Hyung Mi Cho, Timothy Devries, Jorge Louis Sarmiento, Matthew A. Charette, Yang Ki Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

Along the continental margins, rivers and submarine groundwater supply nutrients, trace elements, and radionuclides to the coastal ocean, supporting coastal ecosystems and, increasingly, causing harmful algal blooms and eutrophication. While the global magnitude of gauged riverine water discharge is well known, the magnitude of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) is poorly constrained. Using an inverse model combined with a global compilation of 228Ra observations, we show that the SGD integrated over the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific Oceans between 60-S and 70-N is (12 ± 3) × 1013 m3 yr-1, which is 3 to 4 times greater than the freshwater fluxes into the oceans by rivers. Unlike the rivers, where more than half of the total flux is discharged into the Atlantic, about 70% of SGD flows into the Indo-Pacific Oceans. We suggest that SGD is the dominant pathway for dissolved terrestrial materials to the global ocean, and this necessitates revisions for the budgets of chemical elements including carbon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8438-8444
Number of pages7
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume41
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 16 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Keywords

  • brackish groundwater
  • coastal flux
  • inverse modeling
  • land-ocean interaction
  • radium
  • submarine groundwater discharge

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    Kwon, E. Y., Kim, G., Primeau, F., Moore, W. S., Cho, H. M., Devries, T., Sarmiento, J. L., Charette, M. A., & Cho, Y. K. (2014). Global estimate of submarine groundwater discharge based on an observationally constrained radium isotope model. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(23), 8438-8444. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL061574