Global aspects of elliptical instability in tidally distorted accretion disks

Dongsu Ryu, Jeremy Goodman, Ethan T. Vishniac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tidally distorted accretion disks in binary star systems are subject to a local hydrodynamic instability that excites m = 1 internal waves. This instability is three-dimensional and approximately incompressible. We study the global aspects of this local instability using equations derived under the shearing-sheet approximation, where the effects of the azimuthal variation along distorted orbital trajectories are included in source terms that oscillate with local orbital phase. Linear analyses show that the excitation of the instability is essentially local, i.e., insensitive to radial boundary conditions. The region of rapid growth feeds waves into the region of slow or negligible growth, allowing the instability to become global. The global growth rate depends on the maximum local growth rate, the size of the rapid-growth region, and the local group velocity. We present an empirical expression for the global growth rate. We note that the local nature of the instability allows the excitation of waves with m ≠ 1 when the local growth rate is large. Subject headings: accretion, accretion disks - hydrodynamics - instabilities

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)805-811
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume461
Issue number2 PART I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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