Glass transition temperature of colloidal polystyrene dispersed in various liquids

Dane Christie, Chuan Zhang, Jie Fu, Bruce Koel, Rodney D. Priestley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, there has been significant interest in measuring the glass transition temperature (Tg) of thin polymer films floated atop liquid substrates. However, such films still have intrinsically asymmetric interfaces, that is, a free surface and a liquid–polymer interface. In an effort to analyze the influence of different liquids on the Tg of confined polymers in which there is no interfacial asymmetry, a colloidal suspension of polystyrene (PS) nanoparticles (NPs) was employed. The Tgs of PS NPs suspended in either glycerol or an ionic liquid were characterized using differential scanning calorimetry. Nanoparticles suspended in an ionic liquid showed an invariance of Tg with confinement, that is, decreasing diameter. In contrast, nanoparticles suspended in glycerol showed a slight decrease in Tg with confinement. The dependence of NP Tg on the nature of the surrounding liquid exhibited a positive correlation with the interfacial energy of the liquid–PS interface and no correlation with interfacial softness, as measured by viscosity. A comparison of the results with thin films supported by liquid or solid substrates revealed a nontrivial interplay between interfacial softness and interfacial interactions on the Tg of confined PS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1776-1783
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume54
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • calorimetry
  • confinement
  • glass transition
  • interfacial energy
  • nanoparticles

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