GJ 1252 b: A 1.2 R Planet Transiting an M3 Dwarf at 20.4 pc

Avi Shporer, Karen A. Collins, Nicola Astudillo-Defru, Jonathan Irwin, Xavier Bonfils, Kevin I. Collins, Elisabeth Matthews, Jennifer G. Winters, David R. Anderson, James D. Armstrong, David Charbonneau, Ryan Cloutier, Tansu Daylan, Tianjun Gan, Maximilian N. Günther, Coel Hellier, Keith Horne, Chelsea X. Huang, Eric L.N. Jensen, John KielkopfEnric Palle, Ramotholo Sefako, Keivan G. Stassun, Thiam Guan Tan, Andrew Vanderburg, George R. Ricker, David W. Latham, Roland Vanderspek, Sara Seager, Joshua N. Winn, Jon M. Jenkins, Knicole Colon, Courtney D. Dressing, Sébastien Leépine, Philip S. Muirhead, Mark E. Rose, Joseph D. Twicken, Jesus Noel Villasenor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the discovery of GJ 1252 b, a planet with a radius of 1.193 ± 0.074 R and an orbital period of 0.52 days around an M3-type star (0.381 ± 0.019 M, 0.391 ± 0.020 R) located 20.385 ± 0.019 pc away. We use Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) data, ground-based photometry and spectroscopy, Gaia astrometry, and high angular resolution imaging to show that the transit signal seen in the TESS data must originate from a transiting planet. We do so by ruling out all false-positive scenarios that attempt to explain the transit signal as originating from an eclipsing stellar binary. Precise Doppler monitoring also leads to a tentative mass measurement of 2.09 ± 0.56 M . The host star proximity, brightness (V = 12.19 mag, K = 7.92 mag), low stellar activity, and the system's short orbital period make this planet an attractive target for detailed characterization, including precise mass measurement, looking for other objects in the system, and planet atmosphere characterization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL7
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume890
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Shporer, A., Collins, K. A., Astudillo-Defru, N., Irwin, J., Bonfils, X., Collins, K. I., Matthews, E., Winters, J. G., Anderson, D. R., Armstrong, J. D., Charbonneau, D., Cloutier, R., Daylan, T., Gan, T., Günther, M. N., Hellier, C., Horne, K., Huang, C. X., Jensen, E. L. N., ... Villasenor, J. N. (2020). GJ 1252 b: A 1.2 R Planet Transiting an M3 Dwarf at 20.4 pc. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 890(1), [L7]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/ab7020