Genome-Resolved Metagenomics Informs the Functional Ecology of Uncultured Acidobacteria in Redox Oscillated Sphagnum Peat

Linta Reji, Xinning Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding microbial niche differentiation along ecological and geochemical gradients is critical for assessing the mechanisms of ecosystem response to hydrologic variation and other aspects of global change. The lineage-specific biogeochemical roles of the widespread phylum Acidobacteria in hydrologically sensitive ecosystems, such as peatlands, are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that Acidobacteria sublineages in Sphagnum peat respond differentially to redox fluctuations due to variable oxygen (O2) availability, a typical feature of hydrologic variation. Our genome-centric approach disentangles the mechanisms of niche differentiation between the Acidobacteria genera Holophaga and Terracidiphilus in response to the transient O2 exposure of peat in laboratory incubations. Interlineage functional diversification explains the enrichment of the otherwise rare Holophaga in anoxic peat after transient O2 exposure in comparison to Terracidiphilus dominance in continuously anoxic peat. The observed niche differentiation of the two lineages is linked to differences in their carbon degradation potential. Holophaga appear to be primarily reliant on carbohydrate oligomers and amino acids, produced during the prior period of O2 exposure via the O2-stimulated breakdown of peat carbon, rich in complex aromatics and carbohydrate polymers. In contrast, Terracidiphilus genomes are enriched in diverse respiratory hydrogenases and carbohydrate active enzymes, enabling the degradation of complex plant polysaccharides into monomers and oligomers for fermentation. We also present the first evidence for the potential contribution of Acidobacteria in peat nitrogen fixation. In addition to canonical molybdenumbased diazotrophy, the Acidobacteria genomes harbor vanadium and iron-only alternative nitrogenases. Together, the results better inform the different functional roles of Acidobacteria in peat biogeochemistry under global change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalmSystems
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Computer Science Applications

Keywords

  • Acidobacteria
  • metagenomics
  • peatland biogeochemical cycling
  • peatland microbiome
  • soil redox dynamics

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