Synthesizing a membrane system to separate multicomponent gas mixture is challenging due to the combinatorial number of feasible configurations and the difficulties in describing the multicomponent permeators. We present a mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model for synthesizing membrane systems for multicomponent gas mixture separation. The approach employs a richly connected superstructure to represent numerous potential system configurations, and different physics-based surrogate permeator models, such as countercurrent flow or crossflow, to be used in each stage. Moreover, to describe realistic systems, pressure drop equations can be included. We also present solution methods to accelerate the solution process. Through a case study of natural gas sweetening, we demonstrate that the proposed approach is able to obtain good solutions using an off-the-shelf global optimization solver. Finally, we expand the conventional membrane system synthesis problem by introducing feed variability in our model through a case study of an integrated reactor-separation system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Global optimization
- Membrane gas separation
- Process synthesis