Quasars at z ≳ 1 most often have redshifts measured from rest-frame ultraviolet emission lines. One of the most common such lines, C iv λ1549, shows blueshifts up to ≈5000 km s-1 and in rare cases even higher. This blueshifting results in highly uncertain redshifts when compared to redshift determinations from rest-frame optical emission lines, e.g., from the narrow [O iii] λ5007 feature. We present spectroscopic measurements for 260 sources at 1.55 ≲ z ≲ 3.50 having -28.0 ≲ M i ≲ - 30.0 mag from the Gemini Near Infrared Spectrograph-Distant Quasar Survey (GNIRS-DQS) catalog, augmenting the previous iteration, which contained 226 of the 260 sources whose measurements are improved upon in this work. We obtain reliable systemic redshifts based on [O iii] λ5007 for a subset of 121 sources, which we use to calibrate prescriptions for correcting UV-based redshifts. These prescriptions are based on a regression analysis involving C iv full-width-at-half-maximum intensity and equivalent width, along with the UV continuum luminosity at a rest-frame wavelength of 1350 Å. Applying these corrections can improve the accuracy and the precision in the C iv-based redshift by up to ∼850 km s-1 and ∼150 km s-1, respectively, which correspond to ∼8.5 and ∼1.5 Mpc in comoving distance at z = 2.5. Our prescriptions also improve the accuracy of the best available multifeature redshift determination algorithm by ∼100 km s-1, indicating that the spectroscopic properties of the C iv emission line can provide robust redshift estimates for high-redshift quasars. We discuss the prospects of our prescriptions for cosmological and quasar studies utilizing upcoming large spectroscopic surveys.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science