GCaMP Imaging in Mosquitoes: Central Nervous System

Zhilei Zhao, Lukas Weiss, Carolyn S. McBride

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Mosquitoes spread dengue, Zika, malaria, and other pathogens to hundreds of millions of people every year. A better understanding of mosquito behavior and its underlying neural mechanisms may lead to new control strategies, but such an understanding requires the development of tools and approaches for exploring the nervous system of key vector species. For example, we can now image neural activity in mosquito brains using genetically encoded calcium sensors like GCaMP. Compared with other types of neural recording, GCaMP imaging has the advantage of allowing one to record from many neurons simultaneously and/or to record from specific neuronal types. Successful implementation requires careful consideration of many factors, including the choice of microscope and how to make the brains of experimental animals visible and stable while minimizing damage. Here, we elaborate on these points and provide a concise introduction to GCaMP imaging in the mosquito central nervous system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-159
Number of pages3
JournalCold Spring Harbor Protocols
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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