Fuel cells vs. competing technologies

Supramanian Srinivasan, Lakshmi Krishnan, Andrew Bruce Bocarsly, Kan Lin Hsueh, Chiou Chu Lai, Alex Peng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Investments of over $1 B have been made for Fuel Cell R&D over the past five decades, for space and terrestrial applications; the latter includes military, residential power and heating, transportation and remote and portable power. The types of fuel cells investigated for these applications are PEMFCs (proton exchange membrane fuel cells), AFCs (alkaline fuel cells), DMFCs (direct methanol fuel cells), PAFCs (phosphoric acid fuel cells), MCFCs (molten carbon fuel cells), SOFCs (solid oxide fuel cells). Cell structure, operating principles, and characteristics of each type of fuel cell is briefly compared. The performances of fuel cells vs. competing technologies are analyzed. The key issues are which of these energy conversion systems are technologically advanced and economically favorable and can meet the lifetime, reliability and safety requirements. This paper reviews fuel cells vs. competing technologies in each application category from a scientific and engineering point of view.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
Subtitle of host publicationFirst International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Pages225-232
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)0791836681, 9780791836682
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003
EventFirst International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology - Rochester, NY, United States
Duration: Apr 21 2003Apr 23 2003

Publication series

NameFuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology

Other

OtherFirst International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
CountryUnited States
CityRochester, NY
Period4/21/034/23/03

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

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