Frugal Biotech Applications of Low-Temperature Plasma

Zdenko Machala, David B. Graves

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Gas discharge low-temperature air plasma can be utilized for a variety of applications, including biomedical, at low cost. We term these applications ‘frugal plasma’ – an example of frugal innovation. We demonstrate how simple, robust, low-cost frugal plasma devices can be used to safely disinfect instruments, surfaces, and water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-581
Number of pages3
JournalTrends in Biotechnology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biotechnology


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