From intracellular signaling to population oscillations: Bridging size- and time-scales in collective behavior

Allyson E. Sgro, David J. Schwab, Javad Noorbakhsh, Troy Mestler, Pankaj Mehta, Thomas Gregor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Collective behavior in cellular populations is coordinated by biochemical signaling networks within individual cells. Connecting the dynamics of these intracellular networks to the population phenomena they control poses a considerable challenge because of network complexity and our limited knowledge of kinetic parameters. However, from physical systems, we know that behavioral changes in the individual constituents of a collectively behaving system occur in a limited number of well-defined classes, and these can be described using simple models. Here, we apply such an approach to the emergence of collective oscillations in cellular populations of the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. Through direct tests of our model with quantitative in vivo measurements of single-cell and population signaling dynamics, we show how a simple model can effectively describe a complex molecular signaling network at multiple size and temporal scales. The model predicts novel noise-driven single-cell and population-level signaling phenomena that we then experimentally observe. Our results suggest that like physical systems, collective behavior in biology may be universal and described using simple mathematical models. Synopsis A simple two-variable model in combination with quantitative in vivo measurements of single-cell and population signaling dynamics is used to analyze the emergence of collective cAMP oscillations in Dictyostelium discoideum. Single Dictyostelium cells are well described as excitable, oscillatory systems. A universal, top-down model reproduces single-cell and population-level behaviors. Model-based predictions are validated in individual cells and in cellular populations. Stochasticity drives the emergence and continued coordination of collective behavior. A simple two-variable model in combination with quantitative in vivo measurements of single-cell and population signaling dynamics is used to analyze the emergence of collective cAMP oscillations in Dictyostelium discoideum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number779
JournalMolecular Systems Biology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • FRET
  • dynamical systems
  • live microscopy
  • phenomenological modeling

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