Frictional properties of surfactant-coated rod-shaped nanoparticles in dry and humid dodecane

Younjin Min, Mustafa Akbulut, Robert K. Prud'homme, Yuval Golan, Jacob Israelachvili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated the effects of humidity (water content or activity from 0 to ∼0.98) on the frictional properties of surfactant-coated ZnS nanoparticles of various shapes, specifically, nanorods and nanowires, dispersed in an organic solvent (dodecane). The friction coefficients were found to be sensitive to even trace amounts of water, increasing logarithmically with time after the systems were exposed to humid air, doubling after 2-4 h of exposure time to air of relative humidity ∼ 98%. We also show that increasing the humidity caused noticeable effects on the interactions of the nanoparticles, increasing their adhesion and aggregation through capillary forces. These effects should be considered in the design of organic solvents containing nanoparticles with physisorbed surfactants, for example, lube oils with nanoparticles additives, particularly those exposed to atmospheric conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14395-14401
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume112
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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