Fredkin Staircase: An Integrable System with a Finite-Frequency Drude Peak

Hansveer Singh, Romain Vasseur, Sarang Gopalakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We introduce and explore an interacting integrable cellular automaton, the Fredkin staircase, that lies outside the existing classification of such automata, and has a structure that seems to lie beyond that of any existing Bethe-solvable model. The Fredkin staircase has two families of ballistically propagating quasiparticles, each with infinitely many species. Despite the presence of ballistic quasiparticles, charge transport is diffusive in the dc limit, albeit with a highly non-Gaussian dynamic structure factor. Remarkably, this model exhibits persistent temporal oscillations of the current, leading to a delta-function singularity (Drude peak) in the ac conductivity at nonzero frequency. We analytically construct an extensive set of operators that anticommute with the time-evolution operator; the existence of these operators both demonstrates the integrability of the model and allows us to lower bound the weight of this finite-frequency singularity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number046001
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 27 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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