Lumefantrine (LMN) is one of the first-line drugs in the treatment of malaria due to its long circulation half-life, which results in enhanced effectiveness against drug-resistant strains of malaria. However, LMN's therapeutic efficacy is diminished due to its low bioavailability when dosed as a crystalline solid. The goal of this work was to produce low-cost, highly bioavailable, stable LMN powders for oral delivery that would be suitable for global health applications. We report the development of a LMN nanoparticle formulation and the translation of that formulation from laboratory to industrial scale. We applied Flash NanoPrecipitation (FNP) to develop nanoparticles with 90% LMN loading and sizes of 200-260 nm. The integrated process involves nanoparticle formation, concentration by tangential flow ultrafiltration, and then spray drying to obtain a dry powder. The final powders are readily redispersible and stable over accelerated aging conditions (50°C, 75% RH, open vial) for at least 4 weeks and give equivalent and fast drug release kinetics in both simulated fed and fasted state intestinal fluids, making them suitable for pediatric administration. The nanoparticle-based formulations increase the bioavailability of LMN 4.8-fold in vivo when compared to the control crystalline LMN. We describe the translation of the laboratory-scale process at Princeton University to the clinical manufacturing scale at WuXi AppTec.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Dissolution kinetics
- Flash NanoPrecipitation
- Spray drying