It has recently been shown that triply periodic two-phase bicontinuous composites with interfaces that are the Schwartz primitive (P) and diamond (D) minimal surfaces are not only geometrically extremal but extremal for simultaneous transport of heat and electricity. The multifunctionality of such two-phase systems has been further established by demonstrating that they are also extremal when a competition is set up between the effective bulk modulus and electrical (or thermal) conductivity of the bicontinuous composite. Here we compute the fluid permeabilities of these and other triply periodic bicontinuous structures at a porosity Ï•=1â•2 using the immersed-boundary finite-volume method. The other triply periodic porous media that we study include the Schoen gyroid (G) minimal surface, two different pore-channel models, and an array of spherical obstacles arranged on the sites of a simple cubic lattice. We find that the Schwartz P porous medium has the largest fluid permeability among all of the six triply periodic porous media considered in this paper. The fluid permeabilities are shown to be inversely proportional to the corresponding specific surfaces for these structures. This leads to the conjecture that the maximal fluid permeability for a triply periodic porous medium with a simply connected pore space at a porosity Ï•=1â•2 is achieved by the structure that globally minimizes the specific surface.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - Nov 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics