The total charge in a soliton-anti-soliton system has integer eigenvalues. However, when soliton-induced charge fractionization occurs, it is possible to make a Bogoliubov transformation on the eigenstates of the total charge, so that in the limit of infinite soliton anti-soliton separation., the transformed states become eigenstates of a charge operator suitably localized at the soliton. In the limit, the localized charge operator has fractional eigenvalues, without fluctuations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics