Flood Frequency Analysis Using the Cox Regression Model

James A. Smith, Alan F. Karr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Procedures for incorporating time‐varying exogenous information into flood frequency analyses are developed using the Cox regression model for counting processes. In this statistical model the probability of occurrence of a flood peak in a short interval [t, t + dt) depends in an explicit manner on the values at t of k “covariate” processes Z1, …, Zk. Specifically, letting dN(t) be 1 if a flood peak occurs in [t, t + dt) and 0 otherwise, dN(t) = a(t) exp {∑j=1kbjZj(t)} + dM(t) where a, the “baseline intensity,” is an unknown function, b is a vector of unknown “regression” parameters, and the error dM(t) is (conditionally) orthogonal to the past history. Two applications, assessment of relative importance of physical processes such as snow melt or soil moisture storage on flood frequency at a site and derivation of time‐varying flood frequency estimates, are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)890-896
Number of pages7
JournalWater Resources Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology


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