Flexible and stretchable power sources for wearable electronics

Alla M. Zamarayeva, Aminy E. Ostfeld, Michael Wang, Jerica K. Duey, Igal Deckman, Balthazar P. Lechêne, Greg Davies, Daniel Artemus Steingart, Ana Claudia Arias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

314 Scopus citations


Flexible and stretchable power sources represent a key technology for the realization of wearable electronics. Developing flexible and stretchable batteries with mechanical endurance that is on par with commercial standards and offer compliance while retaining safety remains a significant challenge. We present a unique approach that demonstrates mechanically robust, intrinsically safe silver-zinc batteries. This approach uses current collectors with enhanced mechanical design, such as helical springs and serpentines, as a structural support and backbone for all battery components. We show wire-shaped batteries based on helical band springs that are resilient to fatigue and retain electrochemical performance over 17,000 flexure cycles at a 0.5-cm bending radius. Serpentine-shaped batteries can be stretched with tunable degree and directionality while maintaining their specific capacity. Finally, the batteries are integrated, as a wearable device, with a photovoltaic module that enables recharging of the batteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1602051
JournalScience Advances
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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