First principles study of nitrogen doping at the anatase TiO 2(101) surface

Emanuele Finazzi, Cristiana Di Valentin, Annabella Selloni, Gianfranco Pacchioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

130 Scopus citations

Abstract

The incorporation of nitrogen impurities in the anatase TiO 2(101) surface is investigated by first principles density functional theory calculations. Several substitutional and interstitial configurations and different concentrations for the N impurities in the surface and subsurface layers are considered, as well as their interactions with oxygen vacancies in the TiO 2 lattice. The stability of the various investigated systems is compared on the basis of their formation energy as a function of the oxygen chemical potential, which determines whether the system is in an oxidizing or reducing environment. Under oxygen-rich conditions, N bound to a surface O is preferred, whereas, under oxygen-poor conditions, substitutional N together with oxygen vacancies is favored, as previously found for bulk TiO 2. The cost of formation of a surface oxygen vacancy is almost cancelled in the presence of N impurities in subsurface layers. The incorporation of nitrogen in the lattice modifies the electronic structure by introducing localized states in the band gap, consistent with the experimentally observed absorption of N-doped anatase samples in the visible region. Also, these N impurity states are excellent traps for the Ti 3+ electrons deriving from surface oxygens vacancies. STM images for the various N-doped anatase (101) surface models have been computed to provide a reference to future experimental studies of this surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9275-9282
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume111
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'First principles study of nitrogen doping at the anatase TiO <sub>2</sub>(101) surface'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this