First principles study of adsorbed Cun (n=1-4) microclusters on MgO(100): Structural and electronic properties

V. Musolino, A. Selloni, R. Car

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations


We present a density functional study of the structural and electronic properties of small Cun (n = 1,4) aggregates on defect-free MgO(100). The calculations employ a slab geometry with periodic boundary conditions, supercells with up to 76 atoms, and include full relaxation of the surface layer and of all adsorbed atoms. The preferred adsorption site for a single Cu adatom is on top of an oxygen atom. The adsorption energy and Cu-O distance are ES-A = 0.99 eV and dS-A = 2.04 Å using the Perdew-Wang gradient corrected exchange correlation functional. The saddle point for surface diffusion is at the "hollow" site, with a diffusion barrier of around 0.45 eV. For the adsorbed copper dimer, two geometries, one parallel and one perpendicular to the surface, are very close in energy. For the adsorbed Cu3, a linear configuration is preferred to the triangular geometry. As for the tetramer, the most stable adsorbed geometry for Cu4 is a rhombus. The adsorption energy per Cu atom decreases with increasing the size of the cluster, while the Cu-Cu cohesive energy increases, rapidly becoming more important than the adsorption energy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5044-5054
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Mar 22 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'First principles study of adsorbed Cun (n=1-4) microclusters on MgO(100): Structural and electronic properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this