The electronic structure of the prototypical self-assembled monolayer (SAM) system, i.e. alkanethiol molecules on Au, is investigated via ultraviolet and inverse photoemission spectroscopy measurements. The determination of the density of filled and empty states of the system reveals that the metal Fermi level is significantly closer to the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of the molecules than to their highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO). The results suggest that charge carrier tunneling is controlled by the LUMO, rather than by the HOMO, in contrast to what is commonly assumed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry