We study a two-dimensional electron system where the electrons occupy two conduction band valleys with anisotropic Fermi contours and strain-tunable occupation. We observe persistent quantum Hall states at filling factors ν=1/3 and 5/3 even at zero strain when the two valleys are degenerate. This is reminiscent of the quantum Hall ferromagnet formed at ν=1 in the same system at zero strain. In the absence of a theory for a system with anisotropic valleys, we compare the energy gaps measured at ν=1/3 and 5/3 to the available theory developed for single-valley, two-spin systems, and find that the gaps and their rates of rise with strain are much smaller than predicted.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)