Femtosecond ultraviolet laser absorption spectroscopy for simultaneous measurements of temperature and OH concentration

Ning Liu, Timothy Y. Chen, Hongtao Zhong, Ying Lin, Ziyu Wang, Yiguang Ju

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5 Scopus citations


This Letter reports a femtosecond ultraviolet laser absorption spectroscopy (fs-UV-LAS) for simultaneous in situ measurements of temperature and species. This fs-UV-LAS technique was demonstrated based on X2Π-A2ς+ transitions of OH radicals near 308 nm generated in low temperature plasmas and flames. The fs-UV-LAS technique has revealed three major diagnostic benefits. First, a series of absorption features within a spectral bandwidth of ∼3.2 nm near 308 nm were simultaneously measured and then enabled simultaneous multi-parameter measurements with enhanced accuracy. The results show that the temperature and OH concentration could be measured with accuracy enhanced by 29-88% and 58-91%, respectively, compared to those obtained with past two-narrow-line absorption methods. Second, an ultrafast time resolution of ∼120 picoseconds was accomplished for the measurements. Third, due to the large OH X2Π-A2ς+ transitions in the UV range, a simple single-pass absorption with a 3-cm path length was allowed for measurements in plasmas with low OH number density down to ∼2 × 1013 cm-3. Also due to the large OH UV transitions, single-shot fs absorption measurements were accomplished in flames, which was expected to offer more insights into chemically reactive flow dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number201103
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 16 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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