Federated Learning Over Wireless IoT Networks With Optimized Communication and Resources

Hao Chen, Shaocheng Huang, Deyou Zhang, Ming Xiao, Mikael Skoglund, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


To leverage massive distributed data and computation resources, machine learning in the network edge is considered to be a promising technique, especially for large-scale model training. Federated learning (FL), as a paradigm of collaborative learning techniques, has obtained increasing research attention with the benefits of communication efficiency and improved data privacy. Due to the lossy communication channels and limited communication resources (e.g., bandwidth and power), it is of interest to investigate fast responding and accurate FL schemes over wireless systems. Hence, we investigate the problem of jointly optimized communication efficiency and resources for FL over wireless Internet of Things (IoT) networks. To reduce complexity, we divide the overall optimization problem into two subproblems, i.e., the client scheduling problem and the resource allocation problem. To reduce the communication costs for FL in wireless IoT networks, a new client scheduling policy is proposed by reusing stale local model parameters. To maximize successful information exchange over networks, a Lagrange multiplier method is first leveraged by decoupling variables, including power variables, bandwidth variables, and transmission indicators. Then, a linear-search-based power and bandwidth allocation method is developed. Given appropriate hyperparameters, we show that the proposed communication-efficient FL (CEFL) framework converges at a strong linear rate. Through extensive experiments, it is revealed that the proposed CEFL framework substantially boosts both the communication efficiency and learning performance of both training loss and test accuracy for FL over wireless IoT networks compared to a basic FL approach with uniform resource allocation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16592-16605
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Communication efficiency
  • federated learning (FL)
  • resource allocation
  • wireless Internet of Things (IoT) networks


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