Fault models for logic circuits in the multigate era

Ajay N. Bhoj, Muzaffer O. Simsir, Niraj K. Jha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


With increased scaling to lower technology nodes, the electrostatic integrity of planar FETs is expected to worsen, necessitating the adoption of low-leakage high-performance multigate FETs, amongst which the FinFET is very attractive with respect to fabrication process complexity. A significant void from a circuit testing viewpoint is the absence of fault models for FinFETs. In particular, it is unclear if CMOS fault models are comprehensive enough to model all defects in FinFET circuits. We investigate the aforementioned problem using mixed-mode FinFET device simulation and demonstrate that while faults defined for planar FETs show significant overlaps with FinFETs, they do not encompass all regimes of operation. Results indicate that no single fault model can adequately capture the leakage-delay behavior of logic gates based on independent-gate FinFETs with opens on the back gate, and shorted-gate FinFETs, which have been accidentally etched into independent-gate structures. To this effect, we categorize back-gate cuts into three regimes where either pulse broadening or pulse shrinking occurs, which can be tested using three-/two-pattern delay fault tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6032105
Pages (from-to)182-193
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Device simulation
  • FinFETs
  • fault models
  • independent-gate structure
  • leakage
  • shorted-gate structure


Dive into the research topics of 'Fault models for logic circuits in the multigate era'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this