Fast-ion transport in quasisymmetric equilibria in the presence of a resonant Alfvénic perturbation

Elizabeth J. Paul, Harry E. Mynick, Amitava Bhattacharjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Significant progress has been made in designing magnetic fields that provide excellent confinement of the guiding-centre trajectories of alpha particles using quasisymmetry (QS). Given the reduction in this transport channel, we assess the impact of resonant Alfvén eigenmodes (AEs) on the guiding-centre motion. The AE amplitudes are chosen to be consistent with experimental measurements and large-scale simulations. We evaluate the drift resonance condition, phase-space island width and island overlap criterion for quasisymmetric configurations. Kinetic Poincaré plots elucidate features of the transport, including stiff transport above a critical perturbation amplitude. Our analysis highlights key departures from the AE-driven transport in tokamaks, such as the avoidance of phase-space island overlap in quasihelical configurations and the enhanced transport due to wide phase-space islands in low magnetic shear configurations. In configurations that are closer to QS, with QS deviations, the transport is primarily driven by the AE, while configurations that are further from QS, experience significant transport due to the QS-breaking fields in addition to the AE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number905890515
JournalJournal of Plasma Physics
Volume89
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Keywords

  • fusion plasma
  • plasma confinement
  • plasma simulation

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