A low-power Faraday rotation spectroscopy system that uses permanent rare-earth magnets has been developed for detection of O2 at 762 nm. The experimental signals are generated using laser wavelength modulation combined with a balanced detection scheme that permits quantum shot noise limited performance. A noise equivalent polarization rotation angle of 8 × 108 rad/Hz1/2 is estimated from the experimental noise, and this agrees well with a theoretical model based on Jones calculus. A bandwidth normalized minimum detection limit to oxygen of 6 ppmv/Hz 1/2 with an ultimate minimum of 1.3 ppmv at integration times of ∼1 minute has been demonstrated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics