Fairness, responsibility, and welfare

Research output: Book/ReportBook

183 Scopus citations

Abstract

What is a fair distribution of resources and other goods when individuals are partly responsible for their achievements? This book develops a theory of fairness incorporating a concern for personal responsibility, opportunities, and freedom. With a critical perspective, it looks at the recent developments in economics and philosophy that define social justice in terms of equal opportunities. It also proposes new perspectives and original ideas. It is often thought that responsibility is a complex notion, but this book proposes a simple analytical framework that makes it possible to disentangle the different concepts of fairness that deal with neutralizing inequalities for which the individuals are not held responsible, rewarding their effort, respecting their choices, or staying neutral with respect to their responsibility sphere. It dwells on paradoxes and impossibilities only as a way to highlight important ethical options and always proposes solutions and reasonable compromises among the conflicting values surrounding equality and responsibility. The theory is able to incorporate disincentive problems and is illustrated in the examination of applied policy issues such as: income redistribution when individuals may be held responsible for their choices of labour supply or education; social and private insurance when individuals may be held responsible for their risky lifestyle; second chance policies; the measurement of inequality of opportunities and social mobility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages306
ISBN (Electronic)9780191808579
ISBN (Print)9780199215911
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 30 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Keywords

  • Choices
  • Effort
  • Equal opportunities
  • Fair distribution
  • Income redistribution
  • Labour supply
  • Responsibility sphere
  • Social justice
  • Theory of fairness

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